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What is a Scrum Framework?

Updated: Dec 31, 2022

Scrum is a framework for managing and completing complex projects. It was first developed in the early 1990s by a group of software developers who were looking for a more efficient and effective way to deliver high-quality software. Since then, it has become one of the most widely-used project management methodologies in the world and is used by organizations in a variety of industries, including software development, marketing, and finance.

One of the key features of the Scrum framework is its focus on delivering value to customers as early and as often as possible. This is achieved through a series of short, iterative development cycles called “sprints,” which typically last two to four weeks. At the beginning of each sprint, the team selects a set of high-priority features or tasks to complete and then works together to complete them by the end of the sprint. This process allows the team to constantly test and improve their work, and to quickly respond to changes in customer needs or market conditions.

Another key feature of Scrum is its reliance on self-organizing teams. In a Scrum team, there is no traditional project manager or hierarchy. Instead, the team is responsible for managing their own work and making decisions about how to best achieve their goals. This approach fosters a sense of ownership and accountability among team members and encourages them to take on leadership roles and share ideas and best practices.

Scrum also emphasizes transparency and regular communication. The team is required to hold daily stand-up meetings, called “daily scrums,” where they briefly discuss their progress and any roadblocks they are facing. Additionally, the team is encouraged to share their work with others, through demonstrations of completed tasks or by displaying their work on a board or other visual display. This transparency helps to keep the team focused and helps stakeholders stay informed about the project’s progress.

There are several roles defined within the Scrum framework. The “Scrum Master” is responsible for facilitating the team’s work and ensuring that they are following the Scrum process. The “Product Owner” represents the interests of the stakeholders and is responsible for defining and prioritizing the features or tasks that the team will work on. And the “development team” consists of the individuals who are responsible for completing the work.

While Scrum has been highly successful for many organizations, it is not a one-size-fits-all solution. It requires a high level of collaboration and commitment from all team members, and may not be suitable for organizations with strict hierarchies or rigid work cultures. However, for organizations that are willing to embrace the principles of Scrum, it can be a powerful tool for delivering high-quality products and services in a fast-paced, constantly-evolving environment.


The scrum framework is based on three roles, three artifacts, and five events. These are:


  • The product owner

  • The scrum team

  • The scrum master


  • The product backlog

  • The sprint backlog

  • The product increment


  • The sprint

  • The sprint planning

  • The daily standup

  • The sprint review

  • The sprint retrospective

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